Child Dentist In Hamilton And Stoney Creek

 

Dentistry on Queenston in Hamilton and Stoney Creek is a kid-friendly dental office offering dental services to children of all ages - babies, infants, toddlers, preschoolers, tweens and teens. Healthy teeth are important - even baby teeth. Children and adults need healthy teeth to help them chew and to speak clearly.

Humans develop 2 sets of teeth. The first set of 20 teeth are called milk, primary, temporary or baby teeth. They are replaced by a set of 32 permanent teeth, which are also called secondary or adult teeth. 

Baby Teeth Eruption And How To Take Care Of Them

Baby teeth start to erupt through the gums between six and nine months of age. Typically, the two bottom front teeth come in first, followed by the top front teeth a few weeks later. These milk teeth or first teeth help your child eat and speak and also help the adult teeth come in straight. Baby teeth hold space for adult teeth. Healthy teeth should all be of one colour. If you see spots or stains on the teeth, take your baby to a dentist.

 

Even tiny teeth must be cleaned. Infants can get cavities just like older children and adults. Following all feedings, you should clean your baby’s mouth and teeth. If the teeth are not large enough for an infant toothbrush, then simply use a piece of gauze or a clean wet facecloth to wipe teeth and gums. Clean the teeth at least once a day. It is best to clean them right before bedtime. This prepares baby early for what should become a lifelong habit. Baby’s first visit to the dentist should occur by the age of one year, or when the first teeth appear.

Teething can start any time between the ages of 3 and 12 months and typically begins around 6 months. By the time a child is 3 years old, they will have 20 primary (baby) teeth and does not lose them until age 10 -12. Here are some of the strategies if your baby is teething:

  • Keep it safe

    • Choose safe teething toys (Toys should not have any loose pieces or components that could break off in the baby's mouth and cause choking)

    • Don't put a teething toy around the baby's neck or attach it to clothes. This could get tangled around the baby's neck and cause choking 

  • Clean it - Everything that goes in the baby's mouth should be clean to keep the baby healthy

  • Massage it - Gently rub the baby's gums with a clean finger for about 2 minutes. Your baby may find it soothing

  • Cool it - Because cold helps each the pain of sore gums, give your baby a cool (not frozen) clean wet washcloth, spoon, pacifier, or teething ring to chew on

  • Freeze it - Some frozen foods may help ease teething pain

  • Don't Use it - Do not use teething gels and liquids on baby's gums to prevent any health problems

Your Baby's First Visit To The Dentist

Baby’s First Visit — Make it Fun! Around the age of one or when the first teeth appear, make an appointment for your child to see the dentist. To prepare for the first visit:

  • Try playing “dentist.” Count your child’s teeth, then switch roles and let him or her count yours. Make the exercise fun and explain that this is essentially what the dentist will do.

  • Explain other things that may happen at the dentist's office, using non-technical language. Don't try to explain X-rays, for instance. Simply say, "The dentist might take some pictures of your teeth with a special camera".

  • Take your child along with an older brother, sister or friend when they go for a routine exam or cleaning. It’s a good way to familiarize your little one with the dentist's office.

  • Treat the appointment as routine.

  • Be sure to advise your dentist about any special needs or medical problems, such as allergies or bleeding disorders.

  • Let your child bring his or her favourite stuffed toy along.

At about age 2 or sooner if a dentist or a physician recommends it, you should start putting fluoride toothpaste (just a pea-sized drop) on your child's toothbrush. ​

Infants Also Get Cavities 

Yes, infants can get cavities just like older children and adults.

  • Going to bed with fluids other than water in their bottle can cause a lot of damage to your baby’s teeth. If your baby sleeps with a bottle, fill it with water

  • Following all feedings, you should clean your baby’s mouth and teeth

  • Letting your baby sleep at the breast or with a bottle of juice, formula or milk can harm your baby’s teeth. The sugar will remain on the child's teeth throughout the night and can damage the enamel and cause tooth decay

  • If your baby normally falls asleep while feeding, brush his or her teeth before feeding

To prevent cavities:​

  • Feed your baby healthy food

    • Choose foods without a lot of sugar in them​ - Milk, formula, juice and other drinks such as soft drinks all have sugar in them. If sugary drinks stay on your baby's teeth for too long, they can lead to tooth decay

    • Between feedings, don't give your baby a bottle or sippy cup filled with sweet drinks to carry around

    • If your baby uses a pacifier (soother), don't dip it in anything sweet such as sugar or honey

    • Give your child fruits and vegetables for snacks

    • Save cookies and other treats for special occasions

  • Don't put your baby to bed with a bottle - If you do put your baby to bed with a bottle, fill it only with water

  • Near their first birthday, teach your child to drink from an open cup

Tooth Care For Toddlers And Preschoolers

This is a good time in your child’s life to build habits that will protect the teeth and lay the foundation for future health.

  • For infants and children under three years of age, talk to your dentist about the best way to brush your child’s teeth, and whether use of toothpaste is appropriate

  • If your preschooler is three years of age or older you should assist your child with brushing their teeth.  Brush twice per day and use only a pea-sized amount of toothpaste.  Make sure your child spits out the toothpaste and does not swallow it

  • Feed your child from all food groups and limit sugary foods or drinks

  • After eating sugary or sticky foods like raisins, brush your child’s teeth, rinse the mouth with water or serve juicy fruits/vegetables to clean the teeth

  • Don't let your child constantly sip on sugary liquids, including milk and juice from sippy cups. Offer these liquids only at mealtimes

  • Begin flossing when your child’s teeth are touching

  • Change your child's toothbrush every one to three months or immediately after an illness. Never share your toothbrush with your child or use your child's toothbrush

  • Let your child watch you brushing your teeth as often as possible. Children are wonderful imitators, and there's nothing like a parent's example to teach them the way to healthy dental practices

Young children cannot clean their teeth themselves. Until they are 7 or 8 years old, you will need to help them brush their teeth. Try brushing their teeth first and then let them finish. ​Brushing primary teeth with fluoride toothpaste everyday promotes good oral health. 

Importance Of Healthy Baby (Primary) Teeth

Primary teeth are key to young children's health and development in many, including the following, ways:

  • Maintaining good health - The health of baby teeth affects children's overall health and well-being

  • Maintaining good nutrition with proper chewing - To grow and be strong, children need to eat healthy food every day

  • Helping with development of speech - Missing teeth interfere with the development of young child's speech

  • Maintaining space for permanent teeth

  • Promoting self-esteem and confidence - Children with tooth decay tend to avoid smiling, cover their mouth with their hands when they speak, or minimize interaction with others

Tooth decay in baby teeth matters. Children with pain from tooth decay do more poorly in school and have more behavioural problems. Untreated tooth decay in baby teeth can lead to infections that can cause fever and discomfort. Infection from an abscessed baby tooth can spread to other areas in the head and neck and lead to pain, severe swelling, and, in rare cases, death. Although antibiotics may work temporarily, the infection will always return if the decay is not treated.

Permanent Teeth Eruption

Around the ages of six to eight years, the first teeth start to fall out and the permanent teeth erupt through the gums. By the age of 13 years, most of the permanent teeth, except for the wisdom teeth, should be in. Permanent teeth will not be replaced, so remember:

  • Brush at least twice per day and floss once per day

  • Reduce sugar Intake. Tooth decay is caused by bacteria that feed on sugar. This forms acid that harms your teeth

  • Limit snacking

  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet

  • Wear a mouthguard to protect your teeth when you are playing sports

  • Visit your dentist for regular check-ups. During the visits, your dentist or hygienist will:

    • Remove dental plaque​

    • Check for any areas of early tooth decay

    • Show you and your child how to thoroughly clean the teeth

    • Apply a fluoride gel or varnish, if needed

    • Schedule your next regular check-up appointment

Additional Information For Teens

Continuing good habits started in childhood is the best way for teens to keep their teeth and gums healthy. Whether wearing braces or orthodontic appliances, a teen needs to:

  • Brush twice and floss once per day

  • Reduce sugar Intake. Tooth decay is caused by bacteria that feed on sugar. This forms acid that harms your teeth

  • Limit snacking

  • Eat a healthy, balanced diet

  • Wear a mouthguard to protect your teeth when you are playing sports

Having a calcium-rich diet when you are young makes a big difference in health, now and later. By getting the 1,300 mg calcium you need now everyday, tweens and teens will strengthen bones now, help prevent osteoporosis later in life, and keep your mouth healthy. The following foods help to reach the needed calcium intake:

  • Plain yogurt, fat-free and low fat

  • Orange juice with added calcium

  • Ricotta cheese, part skim

  • Milk (fat-free, low-fat, whole, or lactose-free)

  • Cheddar cheese, low fat and fat free

  • Tofu, firm, with added calcium sulfate

  • Soy beverage with added calcium

  • Cheese pizza

  • Broccoli, raw or cooked

  • Bok choy, boiled

  • Spinach

  • Macaroni and cheese

  • Almonds

In addition to calcium, vitamin D and Vitamin C play important role in maintaining good dental health. Vitamin D helps in maintaining musculoskeletal health by assisting in calcium absorption. Vitamin C is important in maintaining the integrity of the connective tissue and dentine - the hard material that makes up much of the tooth. Drinking fluoridated water is also highly beneficial for maintaining healthy teeth. 

Some issues you should be aware of that will affect your oral health:

 Eating Disorders

  • Vomiting associated with eating disorders causes tooth decay, gum disease and loss of tooth enamel

  • Your dentist can treat your teeth, but if you have -- or think you have -- an eating disorder, talk to your physician

Grills and Tooth Jewels

  • Grills are comprised of metalwork that fits over teeth, usually removable

  • Tooth jewels are glass crystals or gold, and are secured to teeth using dental composite. They remain attached for up to a year or longer.

  • Can result in inflammation of the gums

  • Talk to your dentist first about the safest choices and proper care and cleaning

Oral Piercing

  • Can produce infections, uncontrollable bleeding and nerve damage

  • Metal jewelry can chip or crack teeth and damage your gums

  • Talk to your dentist first about the safest choices and proper care and cleaning

Smoking

Eight out of 10 teens who try smoking get hooked. Smoking can:

  • Stain your teeth and gums

  • Contribute to bad breath

  • Increase your risk of developing oral cancer and gum disease

If you notice inflammation or changes in your mouth, talk to your dentist.

Wisdom Teeth

  • Usually appear between the ages of 17 and 21, although they can begin causing problems as early as age 13

  • Your dentist can tell whether your wisdom teeth have enough space or if they should be removed

Herpetic Stomatitis (Oral Herpes)

Kids can get a mouth infection with the herpes simplex virus from an adult or another child who has it. The infection can spread by direct contact, such as kissing, or by sharing utensils or a cup/glass with someone with the virus. The resulting painful, clustered vesicles, or blisters, can make it difficult to drink or eat, which can lead to dehydration, specially in young children. 

Please visit us or call us at (905) 561-7310 or complete the online form for a free consultation or to book an appointment for your child.

Patient Hours

Book an Appointment

Monday:        10:00 am - 7:00 pm

Tuesday:        10:00 am - 7:00 pm

Wednesday:  10:00 am - 7:00 pm

Thursday:      10:00 am - 7:00 pm

Friday:            10:00 am - 2:00 pm

Saturday:         9:00 am - 2:00 pm

700 Queenston Road, Unit 7

Hamilton, ON L8G 1A3

T: 905-561-7310

F: 905-561-0505

E: dentist@dentistryonqueenston.com

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